UNILATERAL CLEFT (Fig. 3)

Nasal tip:

Medial crus of LLC shorter on cleft side

Lateral crus of LLC longer on cleft side (total length of cleft and noncleft side LLC are the same)

Tip-defining point on cleft side is flat and laterally displaced

Columella:

Short on cleft side

Columellar base directed to noncleft side (unopposed orbicularis muscle)

Nostril:

Horizontal orientation on cleft side

Alar base:

Laterally, inferiorly, and posteriorly displaced on cleft side

Nasal floor:

Usually absent

Septum:

Caudal deflection to noncleft side

Posterior deflection to cleft side

BILATERAL CLEFT

cleft lip correction new jersey

Figure 3. Cleft-lip nasal deformity. Typical anatomic findings characteristic of unilateral cleft-lip nasal deformities.

Nasal tip:

Medial crura short bilaterally

Lateral crura short bilaterally, caudally displaced Tip-defining points poorly defined and widely separated Columella:

Short, with a wide base

Nostrils:

Horizontal orientation bilaterally

Alar base:

Laterally, inferiorly, and posteriorly displaced bilaterally Nasal floor:

Usually absent bilaterally

REFERENCE

  1. Sykes JM, Senders CW. Wang TD, Cook TA. Use of the open approach for repair of secondary cleft lip nasal deformity. Facial Plasi Surg Clin North Am 1993; I : I I 1-126.