So, as we conclude our discussion of the various causes of nasal obstruction in rhinoplasty patients, I would like to repeat my question to you at the beginning: Is it enough to examine the nose with simply the naked eye? Or are we obligated to evaluate all the way back to the nasopharynx in a patient complaining of nasal obstruction?

The simple fact is that nasal endoscopy is a very easy office procedure that has virtually no complications to speak of and provides a great service to our patients. Really, it would be difficult for me to imagine why a physician might resist performing nasal endoscopy on these patients. Unfortunately there are still many surgeons who do not perform endoscopy on this group of patients, and I hope that this lecture has helped to persuade a few to provide this important service to their patients. Thank you very much.