Asymmetric nasal tip
Crooked-nose deformity (lower two thirds of nose)
Saddle-nose deformity Cleft-lip nasal deformity
Secondary rhinoplasty requiring complex structural grafting
- Johnson CM Jr, Toriumi DM. Open structure rhinoplasty. Philadelphia : W B Saunders. 1990.
- Toriumi DM, Johnson CM. Open structure rhinoplasty: featured technical points and long-term lolloss-up. Fa‑cial Plast .Surer; Clin North Am 1993;